Oatmeal is eaten by men and women, adults and children - in all countries and with great pleasure. Once upon a time, oats were the lot of the poor, they were grown for livestock feed, and now oatmeal is perhaps the most popular on the planet.
We will tell you what the benefits of oatmeal are, is it possible to eat such porridge every day, how to cook it and how to choose the right cereal correctly.
Oatmeal: from antiquity to the present day
In Egyptian tombs, which were built about four thousand years ago, archaeologists have found oat seeds. At the same time, oats themselves became the last of the cultivated cereals suitable for eating.
From China and Mongolia to Asia and north.
Scientists believe that the tribes who were engaged in farming in the territory of present-day Mongolia and China were the first to grow oats. At first it was mistaken for a weed and mowed mercilessly to feed horses and cows. And then, quite by accident (as usually happens), they recognized in it a completely edible, moreover, a very tasty and healthy cereal.
It turned out to be easy to grow, and practically did not require care, so that oats spread throughout Asia and became almost as popular as rice. Further, the cereal in some cunning way penetrated through Altai and the territories of the ancestors of the Slavs to the Scandinavians and the inhabitants of the British Isles. The oats were boiled and ground into flour to make tortillas. For the Scots, for example, it is still a favorite national dish.
... and then further across Europe
By the 1st century BC. e. the glory of oats also reached the haughty Latins (by that time they were known as decent gourmets and sybarites). The ancient Romans learned that the fierce Vikings from the northern tribes cook and eat truly magical porridge, which makes them heroes, fearless and strong.
In North America, oats appeared by the grace of the Scots.
Freedom-loving Irish and Scots, descendants of the ancient Celts, brought with them to North America in the middle of the 18th century not only turnip lanterns, which were soon replaced by pumpkin with a carved grin, but also oats. A hundred years later, oatmeal has become a traditional breakfast dish in the New World.
Photo via Pinterest.
Quaker Oats, founded in 1877, was the first in the world to produce oatmeal in paper two-pound packages (this is almost a kilogram, which is convenient and familiar to us too). In the 1880s, American housewives quickly came to believe in the miraculous properties of oatmeal: in any decent magazine adorned with recipes and a detailed listing of the beneficial qualities of porridge on water or milk.
Oats in Russia: pre-Christian times
Historians claim that oats appeared among the Slavic tribes no later than the 7th century. They did without gastronomic delights: they pounded oats, and made porridge and jelly from oatmeal, baked flat cakes and pancakes. Grain was highly valued in the harsh northern lands for its unpretentiousness. “Oats will sprout even through the bast shoes,” our ancestors said optimistically and lovingly about it.
Monk Nestor, author of The Tale of Bygone Years, tells a glorious legend about Belgorod jelly (in a historical document it refers to 997). Prince Vladimir Svyatoslavovich left the city to repulse the warlike Pechenegs near Novgorod, but they cunningly took advantage of the absence of the governor and staged a siege of the Belgorod fortress. The townspeople began to fear starvation, but found a clever way to get out of their desperate situation. The invaders were allowed to taste the contents of two wells: in one a barrel of honey was buried, in the other - a barrel of oatmeal jelly.The Pechenezh ambassadors believed that the Belgorod land was magically feeding the Slavs and fled with the troops on their way.
Oatmeal: benefits and advantages
Why is oatmeal considered good for everyone, including those who are forced to sit on a therapeutic or any restrictive diet?
Oatmeal contains a lot of soluble dietary fiber - beta-glucans. The body needs them for the following:
allow you to feel full faster and feel full longer, as they are digested slowly,
reduce the level of "bad" cholesterol in the blood,
envelop the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract, soothing them.
Most of the fiber is found in the shell of grains: it helps to normalize and lower blood sugar levels, which makes oatmeal indispensable for people with sugar dependence, patients with diabetes of both types and those who suffer from vascular or heart disease.
It improves the functioning of the intestines, stimulating peristalsis, cleanses it, removing toxins.
Vitamins and minerals
Oatmeal is good for those who need a vitamin supplement. It contains:
tocopherol (vitamin E),
niacin (vitamin B3),
pyridoxine (vitamin B6),
choline (vitamin B4: it is needed to protect the liver and remove unhealthy fats from it),
phosphorus and many other valuable trace elements.
They are needed at any age for muscle growth. In terms of protein content, only buckwheat is ahead of oatmeal. It is important that oatmeal is quite easily digested, so the feeling of overeating does not arise, a person can calmly play sports or actively move a short time after eating.
Five little-known fun facts about oatmeal
Oatmeal is an excellent natural antidepressant. It's all about the decent content of B vitamins. Those who eat oatmeal regularly notice that stress levels decrease, insomnia goes away, and sleep itself becomes deep and restorative (vitamin B6 helps to increase the synthesis of melatonin, the sleep hormone). By the way, isn't the oatmeal the secret of the legendary British equanimity and stiffness?
For the same reasons (high in vitamins and proteins), oatmeal lovers can boast of even, healthy skin, beautiful shiny hair, and good nails. Were you also told in childhood that horses have such a luxurious mane just because they eat oats?
Oatmeal is good for removing heavy metal salts, toxins and toxins from the body. As a result, digestion and blood circulation improve, internal organs and the brain begin to work more energetically.
Oatmeal is an excellent cosmetic product. Effective natural masks for hair and skin are obtained from the flakes. Such a mask is very good in spring: the skin quickly becomes clean, tender and soft, inflammations soothe, peeling disappears, and fine wrinkles are smoothed out.
Oatmeal is also suitable for absorbing unpleasant odors - in the refrigerator, closet or trash can. It is enough to pour a small amount of flakes into a bowl - and after a while all extraneous aromas will be neutralized.
A still from the movie "The Hound of the Baskervilles", 1981.
The harm of oatmeal
The best is the enemy of the good, so too much of even an extremely useful product can harm the body. What happens if you eat only oatmeal?
With disorders of mineral metabolism, osteoporosis, anemia (and even young children under 10 years old), an excessive amount of oatmeal will not be beneficial. Phytins, which are found in grains, legumes, nuts and oatmeal, bind cations of iron, magnesium, zinc and calcium - and the body absorbs them worse. In order to reduce the phytic acid content in the finished porridge, you can soak the cereal in the evening in plain water (do not forget to drain it in the morning). You should also add lemon juice or yogurt to the oatmeal.
How to cook oatmeal properly and what kind of cereal to choose in the store?
We have already figured out that starting the day with oatmeal is right, healthy and healthy. And if you linger in the store by the oatmeal shelf? Such and such flakes, with and without berries, are very expensive and very budgetary. What is the difference between oatmeal porridge and oatmeal (except for the name)? How to cook it - in milk, in water, or generally just soak it in kefir (there is also such a popular way)? For a couple of minutes in a saucepan or in detail, in a multicooker? We answer all questions in turn.
Oatmeal or rolled oats: is there a difference
We usually call everything oatmeal:
oatmeal (essentially whole grains of oats)
oat flakes of different sizes, differing in cooking time,
instant oatmeal (instant, as the advertisement promises, cereals).
These are all oat-derived products, differently processed and prepared for final cooking.
Features of fescue
A herbaceous perennial plant, fescue has a creeping or compact root system. Among the ornamental varieties grown in the garden, there are rarely those that have a height of more than 10-20 centimeters. But in natural conditions, there are species whose thin erect shoots can reach a height of 120 to 200 cm. During active growth, the bush forms naked peduncles, as well as lateral vegetative shoots, which are covered with leaf plates.
Vaginal foliage has a linear shape, while its surface is hairy or rough. It grows at the base of the stems, as well as in the nodes of the shoots. The maximum leaf width is 15 mm. The leaves are folded in half along the vertical axis, making them look even narrower. Because the foliage is folded in half, it evaporates less moisture, which helps the plant survive during extended dry periods. On the surface of the leaf plate, parallel veins are clearly visible, and its top looks outwardly like an awl-shaped outgrowth.
The beginning of flowering of such a perennial falls on June. At this time, spreading paniculate inflorescences are formed, which include less long spikelets, which are attached to a thin pedicel. The spikelet length can vary from 5 to 15 mm. At the same time, bare peduncles are almost 2 times longer than foliage. That is why, during flowering, unusual inflorescences effectively rise above the bush. Loose paniculate inflorescences make the bush more airy and light. They are colored in light greenish and yellow shades. The scales that form on the spikelets have a keeled shape and vary in size. Under them is an obovate ovary with a pair of stigmas and three stamens.
If pollination occurs, then the plant forms seeds, which are caryopses. In length, they reach only 0.2 to 0.5 cm, in the front part they have a deep groove, and on the side of the back there is a tubercle.
Outdoor fescue can be propagated in two ways: by dividing the bush and by seed.
Growing from seeds
This perennial reproduces well by self-seeding. If the withering inflorescences are not cut off in time, then after ripening the seeds easily spill out of the ears and end up on the soil surface. With the onset of spring, seedlings will appear in places where seeds have spilled. After 30 days, if necessary, the grown plants can be dug up and planted in a permanent place.
If this perennial is not yet on your site, then it can easily be grown from seeds through seedlings. In this case, the sowing of seeds purchased at a flower shop is carried out at the end of winter. To do this, take a special container for seedlings and fill it with soil mixture. The seeds need pre-sowing preparation, for this they are kept for some time in a pinkish solution of potassium manganese.Seeds are sown thickly, in this case you will get a spectacular dense pillow. To do this, pits 50 mm deep are made in the surface of the substrate, while the distance between them should be 10–20 centimeters. In each such hole, 5 to 7 seeds are placed. The first seedlings should appear after 10-15 days. They are distinguished by their rapid growth, so it takes very little time to form a dense, lush turf. When the weather is warm outside, the bushes are planted in the garden. Until that moment, they are kept in a place where it is light and cool. This will help prevent the stems from pulling out.