Bird Families

Amadine birds

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send


| Amadina erythrocephala

This rather interesting large species of Astrilidae inhabits the arid regions of West and Central Africa, spreading south to Zimbabwe and Natal province in South Africa. Red-headed finches can be found in scrub thickets of dry steppes and in thickets of tough and thorny grass. Birds willingly settle near human habitation, but remain shy and cautious. In the habitats of red-headed finches, high temperatures are maintained all year round, precipitation falls from 400 to 850 mm per year.

They came to the European poultry market at the end of the 18th century, but everywhere they appeared among European fans only in the early 20th century. Received recognition as a stable and hardy species.

In the male of the basic (nominative) shape, the top of the head, the area of ​​the ear, cheeks and throat are painted brick-red. A whitish bridle runs from the beak to the eye. The back, wing coverts and shoulder feathers are gray-brown. The ends of the shoulder feathers and wing coverts have grayish yellow dots. Flight feathers are painted in a gloomy gray-brown color. On the chest and belly, white feathers are trimmed with a black border, which gives the impression of scales or an old tiled roof. The underwing coverts are gray-brown with white, edged with a black border at the ends. All dark brown tail feathers, with the exception of two central feathers, have light dots at the ends. The beak is light-brown, the eyes are brown, the legs are reddish.

In the female, the top of the head and the entire back are gray-brown. In the rest it is similar to a male.

Some lovers characterize red-headed finches as livable and peaceful birds, while others, on the contrary, consider them to be the main troublemakers in common enclosures. The Czech amateur R. Vit writes that in 1950 he kept two pairs of these birds. I put one pair in a cage of 100 X 40 X 70 cm, and released the other into a common 2X4X2.3 m enclosure. The pair in the cage immediately began to nest, and after a while the female began to rush. But this couple refused to sit on eggs, and they had to put them under the Japanese finches. Another pair of red-headed finches did not live long in the aviary. As soon as the birds got used to it, they immediately began to pursue the rest of the inhabitants of the enclosure, climbed into the booths to the nesting females and drove them out. I had to transplant the finches into the cage. In a new place, the female quickly began to rush. Several clutches contained 4 to 6 large eggs. Both birds warmed the eggs, replacing each other during the day, and sat together at night. The incubation lasted 14 days. The chicks hatched with black skin covered with a grayish-white down. After 24 days, the chicks were well feathered and left the parent nest. Already at this age it was possible to determine their sex, since the heads of males were painted red.

However, amateurs need to know that there are cases when the chicks of birds of this species at the age of 10 days suddenly die. The Czech poultry farmer R. Wit writes about this, and the German amateur Houth wrote about this back in 1889. He noticed that at the age of 8 days, when the chicks just open their eyes, it is difficult for the breadwinners to feed the chicks: they barely open their beak. In this case, Houth would forcefully feed the chicks and put them back in the parent's nest. This went on for 2 days, and after that the chicks again willingly took food from their caregivers.

Lebedev from the city of Azov and S. and V. Novikov from the city of Grozny kept these birds for a long time, but such phenomena were not observed, but the amateur Korotkoye from Dagestan, who kept red-headed finches in 1975-1977, claims that he had the same difficulty in raising chicks.

You need to feed the red-headed finches with a mixture of different varieties of millet, peeled oats and canary seed. They willingly eat seeds of mogar and various herbs. They give them crushed hemp seeds, rapeseed and soft food. While picking chicks, in addition to grain mixtures, it is necessary to give egg mixture, mealworms, calcium preparations and green food.

During the period of feeding the chicks, in addition to dry food, S. Novikov gave the birds a steeply boiled and finely chopped chicken egg, mixed with grated carrots and sprinkled with chopped hamarus or dry daphnia. The chicks grew up healthy and strong. In the next generations, too, no pathological changes were observed.

In addition to the described basic form, there is one more. In birds of this shape, the lower part of the body is darker. They are less peaceful.

Red-headed finches mate easily with red-necked finches, and the hybrids remain fertile: males only in the first generation, and females in the second and third.

Description and features

Passerines are the species to which the bird we are considering belongs to. Birds of Amadina in the photo are depicted as bright, very attractive, but even the highest quality photograph is not able to convey all the beauty of these birds. Most of them have an unusually beautiful color of plumage: variegated and bright feathers are the reason for the high decorativeness of these birds.

All types of finches have a powerful and strong small beak in the shape of a triangle. And from it to the tail, the length of these birds is no more than 12-14 cm. It is quite curious to observe these pets - they are very nimble, intelligent and differ in resourcefulness.

It seems to many amateur poultry breeders that finches are gullible and quickly get used to their owners, but this is not entirely accurate. They quickly get used to the home conditions of detention and feel quite comfortable in captivity, but they are not at all happy when a person picks up. Therefore, it is undesirable to take them out of the cage in order to see them closer or "play" - finches do not like such treatment.

And many types of these pets calmly tolerate the absence of a person for a long period of time - the main thing is that they have food and clean water in the drinker in their cage. That is why experts recommend getting these birds to those who spend most of their time outside the house.

Listen to the voice of the finch

Listen to the voice of the zebra finch

People at home most often contain only a few subspecies of finches, each of which will be described in detail below.

Amadina Gould

Under natural conditions, these creatures constantly roam, making long flights. Finch bird Gould, in natural conditions, settles in Australia and has a rather unusual appearance. These birds need high environmental humidity, so their main habitat is tropical forests. And the migration of these birds is directly dependent on heavy rains.

Their plumage color is rich and variegated. The belly is yellow, the breast is pale purple, the back is covered with green feathers, and the small head is pure black. A ring of blue feathers is clearly visible on the neck. Strong, strong small beak - deep red color.

Females of this type of finches practically do not have a maternal instinct, they do not sit on the nest, after hatching the chicks simply leave them to their fate. Therefore, it is better to choose another variety of these birds as hens - Japanese finches.

Rice finches

These are very nice looking. Small birds originally lived only on the Indonesian islands, from where they later moved to other countries of the world. When these birds were domesticated, lovers of domestic birds from most countries of the world began to actively buy up.

The plumage of rice finches is calmer than that of other species, but at the same time they look no less original and beautiful. The main tone of the plumage is a rich gray with a bluish tint. The belly is dark yellow, and this color is smoothly replaced by black at the top of the tail. The lower part of the tail is painted in boiling white.

The main color of the plumage of the small head is black, and only the cheeks stand out against this background with two spots of bright white color. The eyes are small, oval in shape, surrounded by a circular stripe of bright red color, the iris is dark, almost black. Small powerful beak - rich red color. It was from the representatives of this species that breeders bred a pure white breed of birds.

Japanese finches

This species is not found in natural, that is, natural conditions - the breed was bred artificially. In a number of European countries, these birds were brought from the Japanese islands - hence the name of these feathered pets. However, experts believe that this breed was bred in China when a number of closely related species of wild birds of this species were crossed.

In this species, the color is not so rich and bright, mainly brown. But there may be other colors of plumage: white, fawn, in rare cases - even motley.

These birds should not be kept alone, otherwise they begin to "feel sad", may start to get sick, sometimes even die of loneliness. Depending on the size of such pets, from three to ten individuals are planted in one cage.

The main advantage of Japanese finches is a well-developed maternal instinct. Many experts even believe that this breed was specially bred so that Japanese finches - females - were engaged in feeding chicks of other breeds, abandoned by their "parents".

Zebra finches

Australia is home to these incredibly beautiful creatures. From here the birds gradually settled on other continents. Wild representatives of the species can now be seen not only here, but also in the United States and in Portugal. The habitats of these wild birds are rainforests in the tropics.

The upper part of the small head is “painted in a bluish-gray tone. The cheeks are brown with a reddish tint, separated from the white plumage under the eyes by a thin strip of black color, located strictly vertically. The powerful strong beak has a fiery red color. The coloration of the small neck is the same as that of the head.

The feathers on the back have a dark, deep gray shade. The rib cage is of a lighter color, with clearly pronounced dark stripes. The tummy is bright white. The sides are painted in a rich brown color, on which specks of white shade appear. The tail is striped in black and white. Lovers of domestic amadins prefer, in most cases, to get exactly the "zebra" variety of these birds.

Lifestyle and habitat

There is a lot of information about these wonderful creatures. Amadins are called small birds with an unusual color of plumage, various species of which live in Asian and African countries, as well as on the Australian continent.

For example, zebra finches are from Australia, where summers are hot and dry. This climate has developed in these birds the ability to live without a large amount of water for a long period (up to a week). Although this species usually prefers to settle in arid zones in the wild, it can constantly fly from one place to another in search of food.

The habitat of these representatives of birds is the whole of Australia. The beginning of their mass flight from there was facilitated by the development of agriculture and the improvement of the continent, when forests were cut down, and in their place there were gardens, pastures for livestock and fields. If in a particular region water is very rare, then birds prefer to settle near human dwellings.

Interesting! Wild representatives of this breed are distinguished by high endurance and patience. Observing them, many poultry farmers notice that finches drink little during the day, even if there is too much water in the drinkers. And in severe drought conditions, weavers survive by drinking salted water. But for other species of birds, such drinking can be fatal.

Maintenance and care

Finch bird price ranges from 4 to 5 thousand rubles. This price range is due to the specific species of these birds, and also depends on the place of purchase. Buy finch bird you can in specialized stores or from breeders, with the latter option being preferable.

Content of the finch bird seems complicated, but objectively it is not. And you should start by buying a cage. It is desirable that it be wide and long enough (not less than 0.5 m) - it should accommodate a family of finches from two "parents" and their brood.

For such pets, it is necessary to acquire only square or rectangular cages, and in those that have a rounded top, the finches are "lost", begin to rush about, become restless and experience constant stress. These birds require a lot of air, so the height of the cages should also be large.

Drinking bowls must be installed in their home (at least 2-3 pieces). There can be one feeder. Small birch perches are installed in the side walls so that the birds can jump on them during the day.

Bathing tanks should also be placed separately, as these pets love to splash in the water. It is advisable to fix the trays on the cage door - in this case, the spray will not fall on the floor and into the feeders.

Finch care consists in timely feeding, maintaining cleanliness in the cells. They should be washed once every 7 days with a disinfectant solution in order to prevent the occurrence of diseases in the "hosts" of cells.

These birds are gregarious, therefore it is impossible to settle one such individual in a large cage. Amadins do not get along with other types of feathered finches, since they are quite warlike and can arrange fights with parrots. As a result, both may suffer.

Food

Starting this beautiful pet, you need to take care of drawing up the right diet for him. The basis in the daily menu should be specially formulated feed for poultry, which should consist of:

  • oatmeal porridge,
  • millet,
  • seeds for canaries,
  • meadow seeds, hemp, lettuce and flax.

The rate of such a combined feed for each bird is 1 tsp. The following products should also be present in the daily menu:

  • boiled eggs
  • berries of various types, fresh fruits and vegetables,
  • salad,
  • sour milk, for example, low-fat cottage cheese,
  • live food.

The last ingredient is especially required for the finches during the laying period and when feeding the chicks. As such food, you can use bloodworms, gammarus. In winter, it is imperative to introduce sprouted grains of wheat, rye and other cereals into the diet of these birds.

Also, in the daily menu of amadins, supplements are necessarily introduced, which include mineral elements. They can be purchased at any pet or bird food store. But you can add finely crushed eggshells, chalk, river or sea sand to the food of these birds.

Important! You cannot include in their menu fragrant ones, which affect the finches in the same way as opium affects a person. You can not give them vitamin complexes that are intended for parrots. Such drugs can kill the feathered. For this reason, experts do not recommend settling him with a parrot (of any kind).

Reproduction and life expectancy

Before you get a couple of bright pets for further breeding, find out some of the nuances about it. These feathered pets breed quite easily, even in captivity. But in order for the breeding process to be active, it is necessary to create suitable comfortable conditions for these birds.

The male and female are placed in a separate cage, in which a house is necessarily installed. In the future, birds will use it for a nest. For its construction, a pair of birds will definitely need the following building material:

  • thin willow twigs and shoots,
  • well dried hay,
  • feathers,
  • wet the pieces,
  • a layer of sawdust or hay is laid out on the bottom.

Important! You can not use cotton wool instead of wet.The female finch sits on eggs for about 13-15 days. In total, she lays 2-6 eggs, but not all chicks may appear. After birth, the chicks stay in the nest for about 3 weeks; both the male and the female feed them for 28-30 days.

Chicks begin to beg for food within 2-3 hours after birth. For the first few days, only the female gives food to the chicks, but then the father also begins to feed his cubs. The eyes open in babies about a week after hatching from eggs.

The fluff begins to give way to feathers in amadinchiks in a week and a half after birth. Males are distinguished from females after the appearance of permanent plumage; before that, chicks of both sexes cannot be distinguished from each other.

It happens that the "parents" begin to peck at the testicles. Experts say that this is because they lack minerals and vitamins. Therefore, during the mating period, attention should be paid to drawing up a daily menu, including more fortified food, as well as mineral complexes.

At home, various such birds can live from 9 to 13 years, their lifespan directly depends on the conditions of detention, menu planning and care. If you do not follow all the rules for caring for these ornamental birds, otherwise the consequences can be the most sad.

Amadines are considered to be one of the cutest and cutest small decorative pets. Even novice poultry farmers can breed and maintain them, the main thing is to adhere to the basic rules described in this material.

  • Post author:Vika Grigoreva
  • Post posted: 09.12.2019
  • Post category:Fact of the day
  • Post comments:0 comments

You may also like

Red-headed parrot finches

The homeland of red-headed parrot finches is New Caledonia. These birds have very bright plumage: the head and tail are red, and the rest of the body is green. There are practically no visual differences between males and females, with the exception of a slight difference in the width of the dark stripe running from the eye to the beak, as well as the size of the mask and the intensity of the color. If you want to pick a pair of a male and a female, then you need to watch the birds: the females are silent, and the males sometimes utter a trill, similar to a grasshopper playing music.

Red-headed parrot finches are very mobile, it is almost impossible to catch them sitting in one place. It is preferable to keep these birds in a large cage (80-90 cm in length) or in a spacious aviary: in a small cage, birds can rush and break their plumage. Males can show aggression towards other males of both their own and related species, especially if they are trying to mate, while females usually get along calmly with neighbors. Some birds are so sensitive that when they are transplanted into a new cage, they may begin to molt, so if you plan to breed such individuals, then you should move them to the nest cage in advance.

Many red-headed finches have an unpleasant habit of building nests in a bathing suit, so it is worth removing it while you are not at home and changing the water more often to avoid bird poisoning.

Parrot finches feed on grain food for finches with a predominance of millet, willingly take soft egg food and flour beetle. They do not refuse sprouted grains, greens, twigs with buds, apple, pumpkin, pear slices, as well as other vegetables and fruits, and quite willingly try new delicacies. All the birds of the author of the article scattered food and then chose something tastier from it, as a result of which the auto feeders quickly emptied.

Red-headed parrot finches treat a person with distrust, therefore, it is better to install a cage for a nesting pair in a quiet place and higher. The nest house should be located in the "thickets" of artificial plants, this will create a sense of security. Birds will accept both plywood / plastic nest boxes from 13x13x13 cm in size, and braids, but secondly, it will be more difficult to control what is happening. There are usually 4-6 eggs in a clutch. Incubation lasts approximately 2 weeks. Chicks have characteristic blue papillae in the corners of the beak - 2 on each side. At about 7-10 days, parents cease to be constantly in the house, and at this time it is convenient to ring the kids without stressing the couple. Do not change the litter in the nest, as this can scare the finch (there is also evidence that the droppings of chicks retain moisture in the nest, so its presence is necessary for health). Chicks can jump out of the nest on day 18 (they usually go out on day 20-21), not yet fully feathered and unable to fly, therefore, if nesting takes place in an aviary, you must be very careful not to crush them. Kids are very shy. Breeders point out that red-headed finches can give 3, and sometimes even 4 broods per year without harm to health (http://www.cliftonfinchaviaries.org/cfa/redface/redface.htm).

Live food is not required for nesting.

Currently, the following mutations of the red-headed parrot finch are common: pied, seagreen, and lutino. These birds can interbreed with related species (Tricolor Finch, Blue-Green Parrot Finch), so be careful when nesting in mixed-species enclosures.

Pin
Send
Share
Send
Send