Giant nocturnal is a mammal belonging to the order of bats. She was called the evening party because she begins to hunt at dusk and continues to hunt until dawn. Giant Vechernitsa is the largest bat inhabiting the European part and on the territory of Russia.
Giant Vechernitsa is the largest representative belonging to the family of common bats. The wings reach a span of 46 centimeters. Vechernitsa hides in the hollows of old trees together with ginger noctresses, long-eared bat and bat. Usually they settle in small groups (3-4 individuals) or colonies (8-12 and more individuals).
In summer, during the daytime, animals sleep in a hollow. In winter, noctresses go into hibernation. Therefore, they settle in caves or deep adits. Giant vechernitsy, which settled in the northern regions, migrate south in winter.
In adult noctresses, the body length is 85-104 millimeters. The wingspan can reach 44-46 centimeters. Weight 42-76 grams. The background color is reddish-brown with a reddish tint. The abdomen is brownish yellow. The animal is covered with fur. In the back of the head, it protrudes in the form of a mane.
The ears are long (22-26 mm), large, wide, rounded and wrinkled. Behind the ears, the coloration is darker. A characteristic feature of the ears is a protruding triangular tragus. The ears are able to perceive signals of the ultrasonic range with a frequency in the range of 17-19 kHz.
The wings are narrow and elongated. Their underside is covered with a woolen strip. Giant noctresses develop great speed during flight. They live in natural conditions for 8 to 10 years.
Small and isolated populations of the giant nocturnal inhabit the following territories:
- Southern and Eastern Europe,
- Middle East and Central Asia,
- North Africa,
- Asia (Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, northern Iran).
The European population ranges from the Pyrenees to Turkey. In Russia, a giant nocturnal can be found in the following areas:
- in Moscow,
- in Nizhny Novgorod,
- in Vladimirskaya,
- in the Orenburg.
What do they eat
The nocturnal hunt is located in forest clearings and on the surfaces of reservoirs. First, they rise as high as possible, then descend to the earth or water surface.
Giant evening dresses are mainly eaten:
- different beetles,
- long-legged mosquitoes.
During migration periods, small birds become prey for giant noctresses:
- redstarts and warblers,
They hunt birds, rising to a height of over 750 meters at night. Animals are gluttonous. Vectares can increase body weight by ⅓ part in one meal.
Vasilina Yuskovets on Instagram
On Instagram, Vasilina already has a new official account: the original one was hacked, and a lot of materials from it seemed lost.
The actress uses this social network as a personal diary, accompanying professional and amateur photo and video posts with reflections on life and worldview.
In the pictures presented on Vasilina's Instagram, she can often be found in the company of her colleagues - other recognizable actors of Russian television series.
Sometimes a girl teases her followers with pretty seductive photos.
Vasilina Yuskovets in a swimsuit
The girl is not at all shy about sharing her beach photos with an online audience: you can find a lot of them in the public domain.
However, posing in swimsuits, Vasilina does not flaunt, does not flaunt her sexuality and does not try to appear better than she really is.
The girl simply does not have any need for this - with such and such a slender figure and amazing natural data!
Vasilina tries to avoid talking about her private life. The press calls her a possible boyfriend Semyon Treskunov, who played her on-screen boyfriend in the Ivanov-Ivanov project. The reason for such rumors was several joint appearances of this couple at various public events.
“Our joint exits does not mean that we are a couple. We can go to the movies together, and even hold hands while doing it. But we are connected only by friendly relations, ”Yuskovets repeatedly emphasized, assuring that she had not yet met great love in her life.
“I used to paint my eyebrows in photographs, thicken my lips, destroy my cheeks - I was very worried about my appearance. After all, it helped: some roles of beauties, - says Vasilina on her Instagram, - but what if now my portfolio got into the black lists of the best casting directors and directors? I don't want to sound unnatural anymore. Please don't be afraid of me, talented people. "
It is possible to keep Brichar's halinochromis in a group in a common aquarium with a length of 120 cm more. It is better to choose other representatives of Lake Tanganyika cichlids as neighbors. A group of 8-10 specimens is placed in an aquarium, and after the males have disassembled the area by territories, the extra males must be planted, otherwise clashes will arise between them, up to death. The aquarium should have stone structures with imitation of rocks, in which there will be caves and crevices. There should be more shelters than fish. The water should be clean, transparent, it is required to change up to 15% of the water volume twice a week. The water during the change should be the same parameters, since the fish are very sensitive to changes in conditions and can die. Lack of iodine in water causes thyroid disease in fish, so 1-2 drops of 5% alcohol solution of iodine per 10 liters of water or 3-4 drops of iodinol per 10 liters of water should be added to the water. Water also requires filtration (preferably a mechanical-biological filter), aeration. When organic matter decomposes, ammonia is formed, which fish cannot stand, so you need to periodically clean the aquarium from toxins. Feed with live food, herbal and substitutes.
Spawning can take place in a containment aquarium. You can also use a separate aquarium with a volume of 50 liters or more for a couple. The water is the same as when contained. To stimulate spawning, you need to increase the water temperature and often change the water, however, spawning can occur without this. The female lays eggs on the inner wall of the shelter and protects her offspring in the future. The productivity of the female is most often 50-70 pieces, but up to 150 pieces are found. At a water temperature of 27 ° C, larvae hatch on the 3rd day. For the first 7 days, the fry are still kept near the shelter. Food for fry during this period is live dust and brine shrimp nauplii.
Sexual maturity in Halinochromis Brishar occurs at 1 year.