Bird Families

Kenyan scoop, or sokoke scoop


The genus includes 52 species:

Otus scops - Scops owl
Otus gurneyi - Red-eared scoop
Otus sagittatus - White-fronted scoop
Otus rufescens - Reddish scoop
Otus icterorhynchus - Yellow-billed scoop
Otus ireneae - Kenyan owl
Otus balli - Andaman scoop
Otus alfredi - Flores moth
Otus spilocephalus - Spotted scoop
Otus brookii - Malay owl
Otus angelinae - Javanese owl
Otus mentawi - Philippine scoop
Otus bakkamoena - Collar scoop
Otus lettia - Collared Scarlet Owl
Otus semitorques - Japanese scoop
Otus lempiji - Sand Scoop
Otus fuliginosus - Palawan owl
Otus megalotis - Mayotte scoop
Otus silvicola - Wallace Scoop
Otus mirus - Mindan scoop
Otus longicornis - Luzon mountain scoop
Otus mindorensis - Mindor scoop
Otus brucei - Desert scoop
Otus senegalensis - African owl
Otus sunia - Eastern scoop
Otus magicus - Moluccan scoop
Otus mantananensis - Sulawesian owl
Otus elegans - Ryuuo Scoop
Otus manadensis - Indonesian owl
Otus collari - Sangih scoop
Otus beccarii - Scoop Beccari
Otus insularis - Seychelles scoop
Otus umbra - Simalurian scoop
Otus enganensis - Enggano Scoop
Otus alius - Nicobar scoop
Otus pembaensis - Pemba Scoop
Otus pauliani - Great komos scoop
Otus capnodes - Anjouan scoop
Otus moheliensis - Mogeli scoop
Otus mayottensis - Mountain forest scoop
Otus madagascariensis - Torotoroko scoop
Otus rutilus - Madagascar scoop
Otus hartlaubi - Santome scoop
Otus jolandae - Rinjan owl
Otus siaoensis - Scoop Xiao
Otus everetti
Otus socotranus
Otus thilohoffmanni - Ceylon scoop

Otus icterorhynchus (Shelley, 1873)

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The Sandy scops owl (Otus icterorhynchus) is an owl found in Africa. Source: Wikipedia


Otus icterorhynchus

(Shelley, 1873)

Ibis p.138

Scops icterorhynchus

Avibase ID:

Taxonomic Serial Number:
TSN: 555365

Geographic range:

  • Otus icterorhynchus icterorhynchus: Rainforests of Liberia, Ivory Coast and Ghana
  • Otus icterorhynchus holerythrus: southern Cameroon to northern Congo, northern and eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, and (?) Gabon

Kenyan scoop, or sokoke scoop

  • Superclass Tetrapoda Class Birds Aves
  • Order Owls - Strigiformes
  • Family Owls or True owls - Strigidae
  • Subfamily True Owls or Proper Owls - Striginae or Buboninae
  • Genus Scoops - Otus

Kenyan scoop, or sokoke scoop - Otus ireneae - is among the endangered species, the species is included in the IUCN Red Book and in Appendix II of the CITES Convention. The population size is 2500 birds, and their number is decreasing. There are two known populations in East Africa in Kenya and Tanzania near the coast. The Kenyan owl has a very small area of ​​distribution, the quality of the habitat is deteriorating, which is associated with the cutting down of trees of the genus Brachylaena huillensis, in the hollows of which scoops tend to nest, and the development of agriculture (plain forests, East Uzambaras). There is a project for the protection of a 43 km forest zone. The sokoke scoop is thought to have a long lifespan.

Based on materials from the site

The Kenyan scoop (Otus ireneae) was described in 1966 by S. D. Ripley from a single specimen taken a year earlier in the Arabuko-Sokoke forest in eastern Kenya, near Kilifi. Z. Eck and H. Busse consider the Kenyan moth the smallest subspecies of the equatorial moth (O. icterorhynchus), distributed in the forests of Ghana and Equatorial Africa from southern Cameroon to Kenya, however, most experts consider it as an independent narrow-range species, although very close to the equatorial scoop.

The Kenyan owl lives in a large (about 400 km2) massif of low-lying Arabuko-Sokoke forest, which in some places has been significantly pressed by plantations and other agricultural lands. Apparently, this small, dull colored bird is found in other forests in the area, for example, in the Bonn forest north of the river. Tana, but most of the possible habitats are seriously disturbed by economic activity. In the mid-70s, P. Britton estimated the entire population of the Kenyan owl at 1300-1500 pairs, according to other sources, there are less than 500 of these birds. reserve.

Some experts tend to combine the small scoops common in Africa, South Palaearctic and Southeast Asia, which are represented in our country by the scops owl and the Ussuri scoop, into one species - Otus scops (scops owl), distinguishing groups of subspecies within it. In particular, this concept is adhered to by Z. Eck and H. Busse, who included 63 subspecies in this combined species. However, it is more expedient to consider this amalgamation of moths only as a superspecies consisting of 6-7 polymorphic and polytypic and several monotypic species.