Bird Families

Timor Coin / Saxicola gutturalis

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The genus Chekana - Saxicola - is a medium-sized bird (body length 12.5-20 cm). 14 species are found in Europe, Africa and Asia. On the territory of the CIS there are 4 species: black-headed mints (Saxicola torquata), which is very widespread, keeps in meadows with shrubs and forest bogs, meadow mints (Saxicola rubetra) occurs east to Krasnoyarsk, is common in clearings, forest edges, black mints (Saxicola caprata) inhabits the river valleys of southern Central Asia; the great chisel (Saxicola insignis) lives in the mountain meadows of the Saylyugem ridge in Altai.

All coins are migratory birds. Nests are arranged on the ground under bushes, sometimes in the crevices of buildings. There are 4-7 eggs in a clutch. Only female or both sexes incubates. They feed on insects.

Includes types:
* Meadow minting - Saxicola rubetra
* White-browed coin - Saxicola macrorhyncha
* Large (white-chinned) coin - Saxicola insignis
* Canary coin - Saxicola dacotiae
o subspecies Shinyanskiy mint - Saxicola dacotiae murielae - died out at the beginning of the 20th century)
* European coinage - Saxicola rubicola (formerly known as S. torquata rubicola)
* Siberian (Asian) coin - Saxicola maura (formerly known as S. torquata maura)
* Black-headed (African) coin - Saxicola torquata
* Reunion coinage - Saxicola tectes
* White-tailed coin - Saxicola leucura
* Black (big-legged) coin - Saxicola caprata
* Mint of Gerdon - Saxicola jerdoni
* Gray coin - Saxicola ferrea
* White-bellied (Timorese) coinage - Saxicola gutturalis
* Gingerbread minting - Saxicola bifasciata

Varieties

The following varieties are currently accepted in Saxicola:

  • Meadow minting Saxicola rubetra
  • Bush chat with white eyebrows or bushchat Saxicola macrorhynchus Little tables
  • White-throated bush chat or bushchat Saxicola insignis Hodgson
  • Coin Canary Islands or Fuerteventura chat Saxicola dacotiae
  • Europeanminting Saxicola rubicola
  • Siberianminting Saxicola maurus
  • Saxicola stejnegeri mintingStejnedger
  • African minting Saxicola torquatus
  • Madagascan minting Saxicola sibilla
  • Reunion minting Saxicola tectes
  • Saxicola leucurus minting with white tail
  • Multicolored bush chat or multicolored bushchat Saxicola caprata
  • Gerdon's bush conversation or Saxicola jerdoni
  • Gray bush talk Saxicola ferreus
  • Bush talk with a white belly Saxicola gutturalis

Possible status of varieties, but not yet verified:

  • Ethiopian minting Saxicola (torquatus)albofasciatus

Formerly included in Saxicola, but now considered in a separate genus:

  • Lovers' sprinkled conversation Campicoloides bifasciatus (syn. Oenanthe bifasciata, Saxicola bifasciatus)

Taxonomy

The genus was formerly included in the thrush family, Turdidae, but as with several other related genera has now been shown to be correctly classified in the Old World flycatcher family Muscicapidae, in which it is most closely related to the genera. Oenanthe (heaters) and Campicoloides.

Genetic and behavioral evidence has also led to several new species being adopted in the genus in recent years, most notably the separation of the former broad "varieties" of the common minting Saxicola torquatus in five varieties, the variation is now widespread, although still universally accepted. Supplemented with cytochrome mtDNA b sequence and nDNA fingerprinting of the data, it was confirmed that not only the Fuerteventura and Reunion coins are distinct varieties, but that, in addition, the African, Madagascan, European, Siberian and Stejnedger coins are also all distinct varieties. Due to the disorder in the distribution of subspecies, the name S. torquatus was briefly used for European varieties, with African coinage incorrectly listed as S. axillaris.

Due to misunderstandings in Latin grammar, several varieties have in the past, widely but incorrectly cited with feminine endings of the name (“S. torquata, S. maura, S. leucura, S. ferrea", etc.).

Fossil report

Saxicola lambrechti (Last Miocenee Polgardi, Hungary)

Saxicola baranensis (Plioceme Beremend, Hungary)

Saxicola parva (Plioceme Csarnota, Hungary)

Saxicola Magna (Plioceme Beremend, Hungary)

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