Bird Families

Thick-billed tits, Sutorovye - a group of specific birds that live mainly in East and Southeast Asia

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Reed sutora (Paradoxornis heudei) - kind of genus Paradoxornis family of Slavkov. The body length of the reed suture is 15–17 cm, the plumage of the body, tail and wings are red-chestnut-pink shades, the head is gray, and the beak is yellow.

Areal - reed thickets of reservoirs from the east of Mongolia in the west to Lake Khanka and the Khanka lowland in the Primorsky Territory in the east. To the south, it can be found up to the Yangtze River. Mostly sedentary. Lives in small flocks from 5 to 30 individuals.

Nutrition and reproduction

It feeds mainly on sawfly larvae, extracting them from reed stalks.

In clutch there are up to six whitish eggs, which incubate for 12-13 days. Chicks leave the nest at the age of 10–12 days.

Conservation status

Conservation status - NT (close to vulnerable position). The species is widespread in Manchuria, rare in Mongolia. It is listed in the Red Book of Russia. The main danger for birds is the draining of reservoirs, which entails the death of reeds. In addition, nests suffer from fires and strong winds.

Thick-billed tits

Thick-billed tits, Sutorovye are a group of specific birds that live mainly in East and Southeast Asia. Typically small, long-tailed birds that inhabit reed beds and similar environments. They feed mainly on seeds, which are obtained, as the name suggests, with the help of well-developed thick beaks, for example, from grass. Inhabiting from the tropics to southern latitudes with a temperate climate, birds are usually sedentary. In comparison with them, the Eurasian baleen tit, which has been in the group for a long time, feeds on insects. It is also strikingly different in morphology, in connection with this, at times it was placed in the monotypic family of baleen tits. Genetic evidence supports this.

3. Paradoxornithinae?

Presumably, sutorians and their closest relatives can be considered a special subfamily of Paradoxornithinae: they seem to form a rather strong clade, although the position relative to the basal family of warblers remains unclear.

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