Bird Families

Bush woodpeckers

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Bush woodpeckers (lat. Dendropicos ) Is a genus of birds of the woodpecker family. It unites 14-15 species common on the African continent.

1. General characteristics

The beak is slightly bent downwards. The claws are very well developed, which indicates a predominantly arboreal lifestyle. The plumage color has much in common with representatives of another exclusively African genus - camppeter woodpeckers (Campethera). Like the campeters, the feathering of the back and wings of all species of bush woodpeckers has different shades of green: from emerald in gray-breasted woodpeckers to golden-green in golden-backed woodpeckers, olive in yellow-crested woodpeckers and gray-green in lesser woodpeckers. In addition, in most species, the feathering of flight feathers is yellow. On the contrary, the color of the underside of the body is very diverse: in the gray-breasted woodpecker it is whitish-gray, in the Elliot woodpecker it is lemon-yellow or buffy, in the red-bellied woodpecker it is mottled black and white with a wide red stripe in the middle, in the golden-backed woodpecker it is whitish with large dark longitudinal streaks, etc. Sexual dimorphism is manifested in the absence of red on the crown and back of the head in females, while in males it is present to one degree or another. Half of the species have developed "whiskers" to one degree or another, but in all cases they are completely black without any red markings. White throat is characteristic only of the female bearded woodpecker, in all other cases this feature is characteristic only of males.

2. Types

  • Lesser Bush Woodpecker ( Dendropicos elachus )
  • Ugandan Bush Woodpecker ( Dendropicos poecilolaemus )
  • Golden-backed bush woodpecker ( Dendropicos abyssinicus )
  • Cardinal Bush Woodpecker ( Dendropicos fuscescens )
  • Gabonese Bush Woodpecker ( Dendropicos gabonensis )
  • Stirling bush woodpecker ( Dendropicos stierlingi )
  • Dendropicos lugubris
  • Bearded woodpecker ( Dendropicos namaquus )
  • Red-bellied African woodpecker ( Dendropicos pyrrhogaster )
  • Yellow-crested woodpecker ( Dendropicos xantholophus )
  • Elliot African Woodpecker ( Dendropicos elliotii )
  • Gray-breasted woodpecker ( Dendropicos goertae )
  • Dendropicos spodocephalus
  • Golden-backed African woodpecker ( Dendropicos griseocephalus )
  • Strickland woodpecker ( Dendropicos obsoletus )

Notes (edit)

  1. Boehme R.L., Flint V.E. A five-language dictionary of animal names. Birds. Latin, Russian, English, German, French. / under the general editorship of Acad. V.E.Sokolova. - M .: Rus. lang., "RUSSO", 1994. - P. 197. - 2030 copies. - ISBN 5-200-00643-0
  2. Winkler, Hans, Christie, David, Nurney, David. Woodpeckers: An Identification Guide to the Woodpeckers of the World. - Houghton Mifflin, 1995. - P. 11. - ISBN 0395720435
  3. Winkler, Hans, Christie, David A. 2002. Family Picidae (Woodpeckers) in del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Sargatal, J., eds. Volume 7: Jacamars to Woodpeckers // Handbook of the birds of the world. - Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, 2002. - P. 306-308. - ISBN 84-87334-37-7

Literature

  • Winkler, Hans, Christie, David, Nurney, David. Woodpeckers: An Identification Guide to the Woodpeckers of the World. - Houghton Mifflin, 1995. - P. 11. - ISBN 0395720435 (English)
  • Winkler, Hans, Christie, David A. 2002. Family Picidae (Woodpeckers) in del Hoyo, J., Elliott, A., & Sargatal, J., eds. Volume 7: Jacamars to Woodpeckers // Handbook of the birds of the world. - Barcelona: Lynx Edicions, 2002. - P. 306-308. - ISBN 84-87334-37-7 (English)
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This abstract is based on an article from the Russian Wikipedia. Synchronization completed 07/13/11 11:35:22 AM
Categories: Animals by alphabet, Genera of birds, Woodpeckers.
Text available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike license.

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