Bird Families

About the mountain wagtail Motacilla cinerea in the Arkhangelsk region

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Small, slender birds, usually with a long tail. The beak is thin, subulate, straight. Almost all species are inhabitants of an open landscape.

There are 16 species in the fauna of the USSR.

288. Yellow Wagtail - Motacilla flafa

288. Yellow Wagtail - Motacilla flafa.


288. Yellow Wagtail - Motacilla flafa

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The top of the head is gray, the back is greenish. The wings and tail are brown, with white stripes along the edges of the tail. The ventral side is yellow.

Migrant. Inhabits most of the territory of the USSR, except for the northern strip of the tundra zone. Nest is built on the ground. In clutch there are 5-6 greenish-white eggs with dark specks. The voice is a resounding "psui-li".

It differs from the yellow-headed wagtail in its gray head, and from the mountain one in its shorter tail.

289. Yellow-headed Wagtail - Motacilla citreola

289. Yellow-headed Wagtail - Motacilla citreola.


289. Yellow-headed Wagtail - Motacilla citreola

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The head and the entire ventral side are bright yellow, the back is gray or black, the sides are gray. White stripes along the edges of the tail. The female is much paler in color.

Migrant. In the European part of the USSR, it occurs within the forest-tundra and in the south of the forest and forest-steppe zones. In the Asian part of the USSR, it is found in the north-west and in the center of Siberia, in the south of Western Siberia and in Kazakhstan. Nest is built on the ground. In clutch there are 4-5 buffy-bluish eggs with brown spots. The voice is a ringing "ttsi-ti"

The main distinguishing feature is the yellow head.

290. Mountain Wagtail - Motacilla cinerea

290. Mountain Wagtail - Motacilla cinerea.


290. Mountain Wagtail - Motacilla cinerea

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is gray, the upper tail is greenish-yellow, the throat is black, the abdomen is light yellow. The female has a white throat.

Migrant. Inhabits the banks of mountain rivers and streams from the Kola Peninsula to Kamchatka. The nest is built in the crack of the rock, between the stones. Clutch contains 4-6 yellowish-gray eggs. The voice is a resounding "citt-citt".

When determining, it is necessary to pay attention to the long tail and yellow upper tail.

291. White Wagtail - Motacilla alba

291. White Wagtail - Motacilla alba.


291. White Wagtail - Motacilla alba

The size of a sparrow. "Cap", throat, goiter, wings and tail are black. The ventral side of the body, the stripes on the wings and on the sides of the tail are white.

Migrant. Distributed throughout the USSR, except for the Arctic tundra and Arctic islands. The nest is usually built in a shelter. In clutch there are 5-6 white eggs with gray spots. The voice is a resounding "cit-zuri" or "chtrelich".

It is quite easily identified by its characteristic coloration and behavior.

292. Steppe Pipit - Anthus richardi

292. Steppe pipit - Anthus richardi.


292. Steppe Pipit - Anthus richardi

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is brownish-buffy with dark spots, the ventral side is whitish, on the chest there is an buffy bloom.

Migrant. Inhabits meadows, glades, forest edges of Southern Siberia and the Far East. Nest is built on the ground. In clutch there are 5-6 dark gray or brownish eggs with streaks. The voice is a monotonous song and a sonorous cry of "rrip" or "pit".

In the field, all skates differ little. Compared to other skates, the steppe is larger.

293. Field Pipit - Anthus campestris

293. Field pipit - Anthus campestris.


293. Field Pipit - Anthus campestris

The size of a sparrow. Very similar to the steppe pipit. The dorsal side is sandy-gray, the ventral side is whitish-buffy. Migrant. Inhabits fields, pastures, dry steppes, forest glades from the western borders of the USSR to the Yenisei. The nest and clutch are the same as those of the steppe pipit. The voice is a short song and the call call "twi" or "ciruy". It differs from the steppe ridge in a more gray coloration of the back.

294. Forest Pipit - Anthus trivialis

294. Forest pipit - Anthus trivialis.


294. Forest Pipit - Anthus trivialis

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. The back is olive-brown with clear dark streaks, the ventral side is whitish with an ocher bloom on the chest. The chest is large, the sides with narrow dark streaks.

Migrant. Inhabits forest glades, forest edges, meadows with shrubs from the western borders of the USSR to the upper reaches of the Kolyma. The nest and clutch are like those of the steppe pipit. Voice - short "cit-cit" and monotonous song.

In the field, it is best distinguished from other skates by its characteristic song.

295. Meadow Pipit - Anthus pratensis

295. Meadow pipit - Anthus pratensis.


295. Meadow Pipit - Anthus pratensis

The size of a sparrow. Very similar to the forest pipit, but the hind toe claw is long, slightly curved.

Migrant. Inhabits tundra, forest-tundra and damp meadows in the forest zone from the western borders to the Ob. The nest and clutch are like those of the steppe pipit. The voice is a short pit and a monotonous song.

In the field, it is very difficult to determine by appearance. The easiest way to recognize the meadow pipit is its characteristic song.

296. Siberian Horse - Anthus gustavi

296. Siberian horse - Anthus gustavi.


296. Siberian Horse - Anthus gustavi

The size of a sparrow. There are many whitish streaks on the back. The claw of the hind toe is long, slightly curved.

Migrant. Inhabits forest-tundra and shrub tundra from the lower reaches of the Pechora to Chukotka. The nest and clutch are the same as those of the steppe pipit. The voice is a soft song.

In contrast to the meadow pipit, the back of the Siberian is distinguished by a large number of whitish streaks.

297. Red-throated Pipit - Anthus cervina

297. Red-throated Pipit - Anthus cervina.


297. Red-throated Pipit - Anthus cervina

Slightly smaller than a sparrow. Very similar to the forest pipit, but the throat, goiter and chest are rusty-reddish.

Migrant. Inhabits the tundra and forest-tundra zone from the Kola Peninsula to Chukotka. The nest and clutch are like those of the steppe pipit. The voice is a quiet "psyurris" and a ringing song.

It differs from other skates in a rusty-red coloration of the ventral side of the body.

298. Mountain Horse - Anthus spinoletta

298. Mountain pipit - Anthus spinoletta.


298. Mountain Horse - Anthus spinoletta

The size of a sparrow. The dorsal side is gray, the ventral side is light buffy-sandy, on the goiter and chest with a pinkish tinge. Migrant. Inhabits meadows in the subalpine and alpine mountain belts. The nest and clutch are like those of the steppe pipit. The voice is a quiet "cit-cit" and a quiet song. Difficult to define in nature. It differs from other skates by the almost complete absence of streaks in color.

Text of the scientific work on the topic "About the mountain wagtail Motacilla cinerea in the Arkhangelsk region"

Fig. 4. A feeding place for wintering gogol Bucephala clangula on the Tisza River near Korolevo. December 31, 2014. Photo by the author.

Buchko V.V., Skshsky 1.V., School 1.S. 1996. Av1fautstic witch doctor in Cher-

Tvetsuy region 1 // Berkut 5, 2: 201. Grabar A. 1997. Birds of Subcarpathian Rus (Avifauna Carpatorossica // Berkut 6, 1/2: 91102) (edited by A.E. Lugovoi with translation from Czech and Rusyn languages). L.A. Potash 2009. Ptahs of the Transcarpathian region1 (annotated list). Lv1v. 1-124. Strautman F.I. 1963. Birds of the western regions of the Ukrainian SSR. Lviv: 1: 1-199, 2: 1-187.

Russian Ornithological Journal 2015, Volume 24, Express Issue 1218: 4254-4257

About the mountain wagtail Motacilla cinerea in the Arkhangelsk region

Valery Arkadievich Andreev. Department of Zoology and Ecology, Northern (Arctic) Federal University, Lomonosov Ave., 4, Arkhangelsk, 163002, Russia. E-mail: [email protected]

Received December 1, 2015

The mountain wagtail Motacilla cinerea Tunstall, 1771 is a species with a wide, but uneven and mosaic distribution. Its range covers mainly the Asian part of Russia (Gladkov 1954). However, the sightings of the mountain wagtail are known on the Kola Peninsula, in the Crimea, in the Caucasus, in the south of the European part of Russia. In the European part

In Russia, its nesting was noted in the Komi Republic, in the Krasnodar and Stavropol Territories, in the Republics of Adygea, Dagestan, Kabardino-Balkaria, Karachay-Cherkessia, North Ossetia, Bashkortostan, in the Orenburg and Perm regions, in the Kaliningrad, Leningrad, Kursk and the Rostov region (Key. 2000). The common wagtail has been seen in the suburban area of ​​Arkhangelsk (Andreev 2007).

In March 2015, the Russian Ornithological Journal published an essay on the Great Wagtail in the Arkhangelsk Region, previously published in the bird summary of the White Sea-Kuloi Plateau of the Arkhangelsk Region (Rykova 2013, 2015). The author categorically stated that the species “was first discovered in the valley of the Sotka River. is found only on the Sotka River within the Pinezhsky Reserve "and that it is" currently the only nesting site of the mountain wagtail known in the Arkhangelsk region. " The haste shown by the author in consolidating the priority with respect to the first and only nesting site of the mountain wagtail in the Arkhangelsk region seems inappropriate and premature, especially when it comes to an ornithogeographic assessment on a large area, such as the White Sea-Kuloi plateau. The geographical distribution of the species is a problem that requires careful long-term research throughout the entire range and beyond, and not at local points. The range is usually not constant, and the boundaries of the distribution of the species are constantly changing. Therefore, categoricalness regarding the ranges of species always raises questions.

In addition, the note states that “in 1997, in the valley of the Sotka River. On June 14 and 26 (in the book: "June 14-26") 4 pairs of these wagtails were observed, showing anxiety or carrying food to the chicks. " The text below mentions the earliest hatching of the ibex chicks in this area on June 14, 2000 and the latest on July 1, 1999.

Considering the fact that in 1997 the spring was long and cold, and the summer dry and cold, as well as the fact that even the earliest arriving and nesting, in comparison with other insectivores, white wagtails Motacilla alba started building nests that year only In the second ten-day period of June, and not in the third ten-day period of May (as usual), it seems not quite likely that mountain wagtails (4 pairs!) feed their chicks in mid-June. In addition, in the spring of 1999 and 2000, over most of the region, including in the valley of the Sotka river, the weather in May was abnormal - in mid-May the cold returned (the temperature dropped to minus 10-15 ° C) with snowfall for several days. ... The snow cover, which at the same time reached more than 30 cm, was retained for a week. The death of birds

especially insectivores, was widespread, and their number in May-June was the lowest for all the years (17 years) of counts (Andreev 2002) and observations (Pleshak 2001). In this regard, the nesting of most insectivorous birds in these years occurred with a delay in timing.

The White Sea-Kuloi Plateau (BKP), located in the northeastern part of the Arkhangelsk Region between the rivers Northern Dvina, Pinega, Kula and the White Sea, covers an area of ​​about 30 thousand km2. BOD is an upland with hills 102-217 m high, karst landforms, river canyons. On the territory of the plateau, there are several rapids rivers with a length of 100 kilometers or more, the main of which are Kelda, Kuloi, Laka, Polta, Soyana. The valleys of many rivers and karst ravines have steep slopes (15-40 °). The predominant types of virgin forests growing on the plateau are spruce, spruce-larch, pine-larch.

In the 1990s and 2000s, I managed to raft several times on expeditions along the four rivers of the BKP: Kelde, Lake, Sotka and Soyana. During these expeditions, encounters of mountain wagtails were recorded in different parts of some rivers of the BKP.

When rafting on the Kölde River on June 16, 1992, on a section of the river at a point with coordinates 64 ° 51 'north latitude. 42 ° 37'E a female mountain wagtail with blades of grass in its beak was encountered, engaged in the construction of the nest. She built a nest in the crevice of the steep bank of the river.

During the rafting down the Soyana River on July 8, 1993 at the point with coordinates 65 ° 33 'north latitude. and 42 ° 45 'E. a pair of mountain wagtails have been recorded. The female had a large insect in its beak. Apparently, the female was feeding the chicks.

When rafting on the Sotka River on August 6, 1997 at a point with coordinates 64 ° 40 'north latitude. and 43 ° 08 'east longitude. In the territory of the Pinezhsky Nature Reserve, a mountain wagtail was found pursued by a merlin Falco columbarius. The wagtail managed to avoid the paws of the predator thanks to our boat, which suddenly swam out from behind the bend and frightened off the merlin. At the same time, the wagtail hid in the coastal bushes.

During the expedition when rafting down the Laka River on August 30, 2003 on the right bank at the point with coordinates 65 ° 19 'north latitude. 43 ° 02 'E I caught a male mountain wagtail. The dimensions taken from the carcass in the field were as follows, mm: body length 194, wing 82, tail 97, tarsus 22, upper beak from plumage - 11. Body weight was 19.2 g.

Several sightings of the Common Wagtail were recorded in the 1980s-2000s during the spring migration in May-June (May 16, 1985 - one male, May 28, 1989 - male, June 2, 1999 - a pair, May 20, 2003 - two males) in the suburban area of ​​Arkhangelsk (Andreev 2007).

Thus, it can be stated that the mountain wagtail is found in the Arkhangelsk region not only on the Sotka river within

Pinezhsky reserve, but also in other parts of the northeastern part of the region, belonging to the White Sea-Kuloi plateau. And she undoubtedly nests on the banks of the rivers of this plateau, reaching latitude 65 °. The earliest record of the Mountain Wagtail in spring was noted on May 16, the latest record in the fall was recorded on August 30, although this date, apparently, is not the time of departure of the last individuals. It can be assumed that by the end of the 20th century, the mountain wagtail has significantly advanced in its distribution to the west of the main part of its range.

Andreev V.A. 2002. On the adverse effect of weather on birds in the spring of 2000 in the Arkhangelsk region // Rus. ornithol. zhurn. 11 (206): 1137-1139. Andreev V.A. 2007. Systematic catalog of birds of Arkhangelsk and suburban

zones. Arkhangelsk: 1-35. Gladkov N.A. 1954. 113. Mountain Wagtail Motacilla cinerea Tunst. // Birds of the Soviet

Union. M., 5: 615-622. Key ornithological territories of Russia. M., 1: 620, 644, 657, 670, 684. Pleshak T.V. 2001. Influence of weather conditions in spring 1999 on migration and nesting

birds in the Arkhangelsk region // Rus. ornithol. zhurn. 10 (138): 266-268. Rykova S.Yu. 2013. Mountain Wagtail Motacilla cinerea Tunst. // Birds of the White Sea

Kuloisky plateau. Arkhangelsk: 126. Rykova S.Yu. 2015. Mountain Wagtail Motacilla cinerea in the Arkhangelsk Region // Rus. ornithol. zhurn. 24 (1121): 1013-1014.

Russian Ornithological Journal 2015, Volume 24, Express issue 1218: 4257-4258

Unusually late breeding of myna Acridotheres tristis in Almaty

Second edition. First published in 2010 *

On an urban-type development site in the upper part of Almaty (the corner of Abai Avenue and Pushkin Street) on October 30, 2010, an adult lane Acridotheres tristis fed a fully grown young in the yard among 5-storey buildings. The process itself was quite typical: an adult bird collected food on the asphalt, and the chick calmly stood in one place, periodically issuing single pleading calls (this cry attracted my attention). Having collected food, the adult myna purposefully walked to the chick and, thrusting the food into it, as it were, by

* Kovshar A.F. 2010. Unusually late breeding of myna in Almaty // Selevinia: 188.

Rus. ornithol. zhurn. 2015. Volume 24. Express Edition No. 1218 4257

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